Herrschaft Record Date Design

Months of the Year

German Latin English
 Januar  Januarius  January
 Februar (Horning/Hornung)  Februarius  February
 März  Martius  March
 April  Aprilis  April
 Mai  Maius  May
 Juni  Junius  June
 Juli  Julius  July
 August  Augustus  August
 September  (7ber)  September  (7th month in old Roman Calendar)  September
 Oktober      (8ber)  October       (8th month in old Roman Calendar)  October
 November  (9ber)  November  (9th month in old Roman Calendar)  November
 Dezember   (10ber/Xber)  December   (10th month in old Roman Calendar)  December

Time & Date Vocabulary

German Latin English
 Sekunde  secundus  second
 Minute  minutus  minute
 Stunde  hora  hour
 Tag  dies  day
 Woche  septimus  week
 Monat  mensis (mense)  month
 Jahr  annus/annor  year

Time & Date Vocabulary (cont.)

 Alter  age
 ander  next or following (i.e next day of June)
 auch  also ("18 auch" = 18 also [of previous month])
 circa  approximately, about
 circiter  approximately on, on about
 die  (on the) day
 die quo supra  on the day which is above/earlier
 ditto  the same
 eodem  on the same date
 eodem quo supra  on the same date which is above/earlier
 ersten  in the first (i.e. in the first day of April)
 hora  hour, time, season
 heri  yesterday
 huig/hujus (huius)  of this (i.e. of this month)
 letzten  in the last (i.e. in the last day of April)
 mane  morning
 meridies/meridiem  noon
 post  after
 Soma  abbreviation used for the month of June
 vespera  evening
 wieder/wider  again ("19 wider" = 19 again [of previous month])

Feast Days

On occasion, when sacraments (baptisms, marriages, etc.) were performed on "Feast Days," rather than a date expressed by day and month, you will find reference to that particular holy day. These are days that the Church has set aside as having special meaning and encompass several types of religious celebrations. Some feast days were set and others were moveable, the latter therefore requires reference to a more comprehensive feast day calendar which includes the year, as well as day and month. Physical proximity of the recorded entry can often provide the researcher with a narrow range of days within a given month that can be cross-referenced with the day in a genealogical feast day calendar or listing to identify a specific date. Genealogical dictionaries will often contain lists of fixed feast days, but comprehensive calendars can also be purchased with listings by year. A web link is provided below for additional information and as an example of a modern list of such days:

Roman Calendar of Feasts, Solemnities & Festivals

Sample of Partial Record Entries Including Dates

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